Salesforce is the global leader of the CRM Solution and it has above 40% of the market share when it comes to Cloud CRM Space and also it occupies a total share of 19.7% of the market share in the CRM space as of January 2020. Based on the report submitted by IDC it is stated that there is substantial demand for the SalesForce skill sets in the job portal sites. It is forecasted that just above 3.3 million jobs with skill sets of salesforce will arise in the CRM field by 2022.

As the demand for skilled Sales professionals is going to have a significant growth in the coming days, we need to be prepared ahead of time. Below are the 101 SalesForce Interview Questions and Answers that are compiled with the perspective to cover from the basic to advanced level in the SalesForce and with an equal emphasis for both Freshers and Experienced candidates to prepare themselves for the Interview.

 

It is one of the most efficient Customer Relationship Management products. This platform provides a series of tools and services along with custom app development. SalesForce also supports businesses to handle their customer’s data and to monitor their activities efficiently.

Heroku
Mulesoft
Pardot
Demandware Inc
SalesforceIQ

We can create two types of app in Salesforce and they are,

Custom App
Console App

The Object is primarily used as the database table which is used for storing the details and information of a specific organization.

There are two types of Objects and they are Standard Object and Custom Object.

Standard Object: It is the object that is included by Salesforce and it comprises accounts, campaign, contacts, leads, opportunities, products, cases, contracts, and dashboards.
Custom Object: Custom Objects are created by Users to store information that is particular to a company or industry. Custom objects consist of page layouts, custom fields, and user interface tabs.

The Standard fields in the Salesforce are

Owner
Name
Created by
Last modified by

They are special fields that track information about a specific user record. It contains CreatedByID, CreatedDate, LastModifiedbyID, LastModifiedDate fields.

The default filter in the Salesforce is “Date filters”

When the relationship is created within the same table or object then the lookup is referenced to the same table or object instead of another table or object. This is termed as Self-Relationship and this is a form of Lookup Relationship.

On joining the reports we couldn’t export it. These are the commonly asked Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for freshers.

Custom App: A Custom App is built using a collection of Tabs, objects etc., to solve a specific problem. This app is easy to build.
Console app: A Console app is built to increase productivity and allows the user to do everything from a single tabbed Screen. Console app requires Visualforce, Apex and Javascript skills to build and needs programming ability.

We can avoid the Date filter in the Range column by choosing the “All-Time” option on the page.

It can be caused due to several reasons and they are,

Change in the auto-number except for the text
Change in the data
Change in the date-time
Altering the multi-select picklist from the auto number and checkbox
Modifying the multi-select picklist from the type except for picklist.
Changing to number, currency, and percent from the other data types
Modifying the text-area to phone, URL, e-mail, and text.
 Summary Report
 Tabular Report
 Matrix Report
 Joined Report
 
salesforce interview questions and answers
 
Primary keys – Name, ID, and Owner fields
Audit dates – Systemmodstamp
Foreign keys – master-detail or lookup relationship fields
Custom fields – Used as a unique field or External ID
Master-detail relationship
Lookup relationship
Hierarchical relationship
Many-to-Many relationships

An App in the Salesforce.com is a collection of different items like name, logo, and required group of tabs which helps the users to access a set of features easily. The collection can include standard tabs and custom tabs.

Enhanced communication
Automates the mundane rule-based tasks
Better Organizational understanding
Optimization of cost and cycle time
Increases the efficiency of teams
Facilitate better services by understanding the customers
Develop the dashboards and analytics for better analyzation of the data
Field update
Task
Outbound message
Email alert

It is a protocol that defines the uninformed way of transforming the

XML-encoded data. The abbreviation of SOAP is the Simple Object Access Protocol.

These are the basic SalesForce Interview Questions and Answers that are put forth to experienced candidates in an Interview.

Users are differentiated based upon their individually created profile. Access levels are based on profiles.

Salesforce is based on Multi-tenant architecture and the resources are shared among multiple clients or users.

Since Salesforce is based on Multi-tenant architecture, Governor limits are imposed to ensure not to monopolize the resources. These limits are created by using the Apex code and Apex run time engine and are applied for every transaction.

Static Apex Limits
Email Limits
Push Notification Limits
Per-Transaction Apex Limits
Size-Specific Apex Limits
Miscellaneous Apex Limits
com Platform Apex Limits

It is a copy of the production environment and it is used for testing the newly created visual force pages or to test the Force.com application.

This is the code that is executed after and before the record is inserted or updated.

On using the Salesforce static resource we the subscribers have the option to upload the zip files, jar files, images, CSS and Javascript that are also known Visualforce pages. In Salesforce the maximum size of the static resource is 250 MB.

Generally, we can use only one controller. However, it is possible to use the multiple controller extension in the Visualforce page

Role Hierarchy
Force.com Managed Sharing
Record Ownership
Sharing Rules
Apex Managed Sharing
User Managed/Manual Sharing

No, it is impossible to schedule the dynamic dashboard in the salesforce.

These are the Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers that are commonly asked in the interview.

It is not possible to delete any user in the Salesforce

The different methods for calling an Apex Class are as follows,

Using Triggers
From another Class
From JavaScript Link
From Developer Console
From Home Page Components
From Visual Force Page
 
salesforce interview questions for freshers
 

The Salesforce dashboard is the pictorial representation of a report. Also, the number of reports that can be inserted in the single dashboard is 20.

The Fiscal year in the Salesforce is the beginning and the ending date of the companies financial year

The undelete option shall restore the record within the data in an object.

One-to-many
Master-detail
Many-to-many

The visual force component is the reusable session of the specific functionality. And it is inclusive of features such as panels, widgets, user interface elements that are primarily used in the mark-up Visualforce page.

Generally, the computer system executes more than one task based on the scheduled tasks and the set of rules. This is known as the Time trigger.

No, we can not modify the license while we create a profile. These are the commonly asked Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for Experienced candidates at the Interview.

No, we can not modify the Grant Access using a Role hierarchy for the Standard Objects

Profile Role
Profile is mandatory for every account and it is the object level. Also, Profile is considered as the pillars of the organization. In Salesforce the Role is used for developing the visibility of the data for a specific user. This can be performed through building role hierarchy or by sharing rules. By using the roles we can control the account.

The different kinds of Sandboxes in the Salesforce are

Full
Partial Copy
Developer
Developer Pro

10 is the maximum limit of the field dependencies one can use in a Visualforce page

It is the kind of function that is used for granting permission. When the user has the authority to transfer the record with others, then he can transfer the records that consist of the read-only access feature.

It is the automated process that is used for validating the rule criteria and evaluation criteria

The various methods to deploy code in the Salesforce is

Eclipse with Force.com IDE
Salesforce Package
Change Sets
Force.com Migration Tool – Java-based/ANT
Integration

Yes, it is possible to delete the mass reports in the salesforce. For performing the activity of deleting the mass report, Go to the Setup and click the Data Management option

Yes, we can do it and the steps are

First, we must develop a Lookup Relationship between the two objects
Then join every child records to their parent’s record
After that convert the field method to MDR instead of LR

It is a custom object that has 2 master-detail relationships. SalesForce Training in Bangalore at FITA provides you with in-depth training of the Salesforce software under real-time professionals.

There are different methods for storing records such as files, images, and document and they are

Libraries
Google drive
Chatter Files
Attachments

The Skinny table is used in Salesforce for storing frequently used fields. The Skinny Table is easy to access the used fields to increase performance. These tables are highly efficient in the way that even the source tables are modified. Also, the skinny tables are usually in sync with the source tables.

The benefits of using the custom setting are that the developers shall write the custom setting rules according to their profile and user

It is the compilation of the unimplemented methods. It can specify the signature types of inputs and methods that we pass for specifying the kind of output.

 
salesforce interview questions for experienced
 

The values of the formula field that is static are known as deterministic formula fields.

There are many to measure the sales. Some of the commonly used methods are,

By using Daily Sales Volume
The Sales figures that are arrived by quarter years or by using the monthly volumes
By calculating the number of customers that are served daily
Reports that are collected from the Sales Manager
Tracking the Salesforce Reports and Tracks and by checking the repeated customer activity
A Skinny table can have 100 columns in maximum
It Must not have any formula fields and field from other objects
Data type of a Field used in Skinny table Must not be changed as it will make the Skinny Table Invalid

At least 75% of the code must be verified by the unit testing for deploying the code and for successful execution. These are the commonly asked Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for the freshers and experienced candidates.

Listed below are the areas where we can use Apex

For creating Web services
For creating Email services
For developing custom transaction logic
For performing complex over different objects
For adding custom logic to other operation
For creating a complex business process which is not supported by the workflow

It has three main methods and they are,

Start method
Execute method
Finish method

Usually, we write the unit testing code as it is the commonly accepted method globally and it is easy to verify and validate by the developer. Also, the test codes that are written in the apex can be used for testing the code that is written in any language

The Wrapper Class is termed as the data structure and a class. This is the abstract data type that has instances that are formed by the collection of objects. It permits to check the records from the list and move them for the specific action.

It is one of the formula fields where the values are not static. Also, you will not know about the changed runtime and also they are called non-deterministic Force.com formula fields.

Easy to Use
Built in support for CRUD operations
Strongly Typed Language
Has a strong integration with Data
Easy to Test
Multi-Tenant Aware Application
Provides in-built support calls for the DML
Automatic Updates

The Triggers in the Apex code which executes prior or after. Mentioned below are the different types of DML Operation

The Test Classes verifies each part of the coding whether it is functioning or not. In case the developers find any bug then it is easy for them to locate the bugs using this test class.

Yes, we have the restriction for making the external callout services for the Single Apex Transaction. And the limitation is 100 calls. These are the Basic Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for fresher candidates in an Interview.

Before Triggers: It is used for validating and updating the values of the record prior saving them to the database
After Triggers: It is used for accessing the field values of a record. It can be stored in a database and we can use this value for making changes in the other records.

Listed below are the data types that are used for defining the External ID’s,

Text
Number
Auto- Number
E-Mail

The data types that are used for the Set can store are,

User-defined types
Primitive types
subjects
Collections
Built-in Apex types

By using the database.insert(list, false) we can function the DML partially

By using @RestResource annotation we can expose the apex class as the Restful WebServices.

There are two types and they are

Static SOQL
Dynamic SOQL

It is the approach of working on the project without code

The SOQL commands are capable of retrieving 20,000 records and the SOSL commands are capable of retrieving 2,000 records.

It is the approach of working on the project with code.

It supports three kinds of bindings and they are

Data bindings – It indicates the data set in a controller
Action bindings – It refers to the action methods that are in the controller
Component bindings – This helps in binding the components with the other Visualforce component. These are the commonly asked Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers for the Experienced candidates in the Interview.

Salesforce supports three types of collection and they are

Lists
Sets
Maps

There are two benefits we gain by writing the controllers they are

Logic and Data

Yes, it is possible to write the setter and getter methods to derive the value of the variable in the visual force page.

It uses the future annotation for specifying the asynchronously executed methods.

Generally, the future annotation should mandatorily be static methods
Also, the methods with the future annotation shall return only the void type.
 
salesforce interview questions and answers
 
SOSL sends back the return fields
SOQL sends the record

Formula field can NOT be added to the custom index

Yes, we can perform the DML in the SOQL. But, we can not do that with SOSL.

Page reference
Message
Standard Controller
Select Option

The heap size of the Email services is 36 MB

It restricts the data in saving it in the view state. Also, transient keywords must be used for temporary variables. These are the commonly asked SalesForce Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers during an Interview.

A total number of 10 emails can be sent.

A total number of 10 emails can be sent.

Page block DataTable
For designing any visual pages it requires the style sheets Mostly the data are displayed using the custom style sheets
The ” Value ” attribute is required The value is not required
It immediately displays the column headers The column headers are not specified explicitly

It is used for monitoring the appearance, visibility, and function order of the app.

It primarily uses the sObject primary key for deciding whether you should update the old records or if you should create a new record.

The Tab in the Salesforce is the user interface that is used for displaying the embed web content and the custom object data for the users. The three types of the tab are

Custom Tabs.
Visualforce Tabs.
Web Tabs.

The primary function of this class is to add on the aggregate functions to the query. Listed below are the types,

sum()
Avg()
min()
max()
count()
alias(name)
unique()

First, click on the Name Tab which you want, then tap on the Personal and find the option Reset my security token.

These are the most commonly used salesforce.com widgets which are based on JavaScript. Though it is primarily hosted by Salesforce it is executed only on the client-side.

Buttons
Custom Links
Fields
Related Lists

These are the Public applications and websites that are directly joined to your Salesforce organization. Also, to integrate these applications we don’t require any username or passwords. It can be performed directly through this platform.

HTML with letterhead
Text Template
Custom HTML
Visualforce Email Template
 

The above are the commonly asked Salesforce Interview Questions and Answers in an Interview. In the coming days, we will also add more Interview Questions and Answers to this blog that are prevalent in the Industry. Besides, preparing for the interview ahead of time, getting professional training will help you understand the Salesforce platform more efficiently. Whether you are looking for Salesforce Training in Bangalore or Salesforce Training in Chennai , FITA provides you the best-in-class professional training under expert guidance with certification. Enroll yourself at the Salesforce Training at FITA to widen your knowledge in the Salesforce platform.